Terroir & Vineyards

Aventino

D.O. Ribera del Duero

Winemaking in Ribera del Duero dates back more than 2,000 years. It wasn’t until the 10th century that wine production got consolidated with the establishment of major establishment as Peñafiel, Aranda de Duero and Roa de Duero. Already in the 13th century wine became an essential part of cultural and economic development and export to other area of Castile began.

Ribera del Duero was barely know in the late 1970s outside the region, and it only had 24 bodegas when the DO was created in 1982. The region soon received international recognition the high quality wines. With more than 200 bodegas today Ribera del Duero now rivals Rioja as Spain’s foremost red wine region. The DO Ribera del Duero was named the wine region of year 2012 by the prestigious Wine Enthusiast Magazine.

Vineyards are almost exclusively planted with the local variant of Tempranillo, here locally called Tinto Fino or Tinto del País. There are minor plantings of a few Bordeaux varieties and Garnacha along with the white Albillo.

Landscape and Terroir

Ribera del Duero is located in the centre of the Autonomous Community of Castile and León in the northern part of the Spanish plateau. As for all the area of Castilla and León, it is separated from the hub of Spain by the Sistema Central mountain range near Ávila and Segovia, and the maritime influence from the bay of Biscay is deflected by the Cordillera Cantábrica (2,600m) to the north.

The region spans some 115 km up the adolescent Duero river, starting 30 km east of Valladolid. It is 35 km at its widest point, and vineyards are primarily planted along the Duero river and its tributaries at 700-950 meter above sea level on rolling hills. Soils are extremely varied, even within the same plot. Soils are primarily silty or clayey sand with limestone and marl outcrops.

Climate

The climate is extremely continental and rather harsh. Short, cold springs with risk of late spring frost. Dry hot summers followed by long cold winters where temperatures can drop below -18°C. Annual precipitation varies between 400 and 500 mm which mainly falls around winter. Skies are often clear during the growing season, and after sunset the temperatures may drop 20 degrees. The cold nights are a key factor for high quality grapes since it prolongs the ripening period, concentrating colour, fruit and savoury aromas, as well as ripening tannins and retaining high natural acidity in the grapes.


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